The Ingredient and Function of Toothpaste

The Ingredient and Function of Toothpaste

Much advancement in ingredient and function of toothpaste development has occurred since the days when drinking goat's milk was associated with sweet breath, and ashes from burnt mice heads and ox heels were believed to benefit the gums.

The earliest record of actual toothpaste was in 1780 and included scrubbing the teeth with a formula containing burnt bread. These days, dental care products contain special ingredients specially formulated to maximize oral hygiene. Some dental care manufacturers today, however, go so far as to put rocks, soap and other ingredients into their formulas. For this reason, it is important to understand the nature or each ingredient found in your toothpaste.

Toothpaste is not actually required to clean teeth. In fact, simply dry brushing your teeth can get them clean. It does, however, serve two functions that are essential to the health of the gums and teeth.

The Ingredient and Function of Toothpaste can aid in cleaning, but more importantly, it delivers active ingredients to help teeth and gums. Most toothpaste on the market today contains an ingredient called fluoride. Fluoride in toothpaste and fluoride treatments is for the surfaces of teeth. Fluoride works to prevent decay by strengthening the enamel on the surface of the teeth.

Another function of toothpaste is tartar control. The tartar control ingredients in toothpaste cannot remove tartar they can only prevent it. Tarter control reduces the amount of tarter by about 40-50 percent. The tartar that may form, however, is much less tenacious when tartar control is used all the time. Tartar is a hardened plaque germ. The plaque germs that adhere to the rough tartar are the main problem. Therefore, it is more beneficial to prevent tartar from even forming by removing plaque completely by brushing and flossing effectively.

Whiteners have grown in popularity as an additional ingredient in toothpaste.

Whiteners added to toothpaste cannot whiten the teeth, but rather work to reduce stain on teeth. Whiteners are useful for those who are heavy coffee drinkers or infrequent brushes. Some examples of tooth whiteners found in toothpaste are the peroxide, citroxain, titanium dioxide, and certain abrasives. Most manufacturers are now putting claims that their formula will whiten your teeth dramatically in a short period of time. The fact is, the reason the teeth get whiter is because of the paste's abrasive nature that actually files down the outside stains.

Sweeteners are also added to toothpaste. They commonly makeup .08 – 1.5 percent of the product and provide for palatability and acceptance. Sweeteners have been a major benefit to parents who find it difficult to get their children to brush.

Baking soda is another ingredient now commonly added to toothpaste. Baking soda is very low on abrasion, however, it's primary function is to kill bacteria. Baking soda aids in keeping the gums and mouth free from bacterial infections, including bad breath.

The following basic ingredients are common to most tubes of toothpaste:

Abrasives
Coloring agents
Detergents
Flavoring
Humectants
Sweeteners
Water
Whiteners

These Ingredient and Function of Toothpaste are combined in such a manner that they maximize the abrasive, tarter control and bacteria killing nature of the paste.

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