What can health complications result from untreated chlamydia?
If untreated, chlamydial infections can cause some serious health problems with short-term and long-term consequences.
Comparison Chlamydia Complications Between Men and Women
About 50-70% of females do not have any symptoms. This is the reason why approximately half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which includes infection of the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries. The damage done by the infection can lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and pregnancy outside the uterus. Untreated chlamydia infections can also cause inflammation of the bladder. In women who have anal sex with a partner who has chlamydia, the bacteria can cause proctitis (an infection of the lining of the rectum). The bacteria causing Chlamydia infections can also be found in the throats of people who have oral sex.
Complications among men are rare. The infection sometimes spreads to the epididymis (the tube that carries sperm from the testis), causing pain, fever, and sterility (rare cases).
Chlamydia trachomatis species can cause the following conditions:
- Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome
- Lymphogranuloma venereum
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Pneumonia in Infants
- Reiter's syndrome