The disease remains among the very mysterious understood to the health care community, even as more advancements are manufactured in fibromyalgia treatment. Symptoms can come abruptly or gradually, and may congregate in one physical area or distribute throughout your own body. The dearth of a distinct, quantifiable source makes treatment a game of learning from mistakes, as if the nagging symptoms weren’t frustrating enough.
Below are a few medically-supported thoughts on what causes fibromyalgia, and you should consider if any may be playing a part in your case, although they haven't been scientifically proven.
There's no definitive proof that fibromyalgia is genetic, but there definitely appears to be a pattern that is hereditary. One study from 2008 followed pairs of twins over many years, and determined that the threat of developing long-term pain was at least 50% genetic; another study conducted in 2004 found that individuals were eight times as likely to develop fibromyalgia if they had a relative who suffered from it. Specialists have linked several gene variants to the condition, which supports the genetic component theory although a unique “fibromyalgia gene” hasn't been found yet.
2. Disturbing Events
Physical injury – particularly injuries to the back, neck or head – continues to be known to trigger fibromyalgia symptoms. Research demonstrates that adults with neck trauma are over 10 times as likely to come up with fibromyalgia within one year as individuals who experienced fractures or injuries in their lower extremities. Invasive surgery is just another potential trigger, but it’s unsure whether the physical injury of the procedure will be to attribute, or if low activity levels during healing and the sleep issues exacerbate fibro symptoms. Some infections might have continuing neuromuscular effects that may also result in fibromyalgia, for example HIV, streptococcus virus, and Lyme disease.
3. Hormonal Imbalance
The theory centers on the fact that certain hormones support muscle growth, helping the body metabolize important vitamins and minerals for better muscle and brain function. And while there isn’t tangible evidence that hormonal issues are to blame, hormone blood tests happen to be used as diagnostic markers in specific situations, and a few fibro patients have found significant help with bio-identical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT).
4. Vitamin Deficiencies
Muscle function that is healthy rests on the proper balance of minerals and vitamins in your cells – something that can be tough to monitor by yourself. Even though it may well not clear up all of your symptoms, topping up your rates of magnesium, vitamin D and vitamin B12 frequently can possess a profound effect on pain and tiredness, which implies that the severe vitamin deficiency could possibly be in the basis of fibromyalgia.
5. Brain Chemistry
Fibro patients often possess lower amounts of specific neurotransmitters and endorphins, which may leave them more vulnerable to pain. Along with the lacks, physicians have found an increase in the chemical referred to as “substance P”, which amplifies pain signals.
6. Muscle Microtrauma
In contrast to an abrupt muscle tear or pull, “microtrauma” refers to very small muscle damage that may come from hypoxia, prolonged muscle spasm, localized muscle abnormalities, or ischemia (limited blood supply to the tissues). A number of research have found signs of microtrauma in muscle biopsies of fibro patients, that could help to describe the deep muscle pain.
7. Chronic Stress
Strain has been flagged as a source of hormone imbalance inflammation, poor recovery, plus a bunch of other ailments. In reality, chronic stress is so disruptive to your body and sleep cycle that some experts believe it to be the principal culprit behind several serious diseases, including chronic pain illnesses. A couple of aspects of the stress reaction might be at play, including an overactive adrenal gland (resulting in adrenal exhaustion), poor regenerative rest (known as stage 4 sleep), and emotional strain. Ultimately, prolonged stress often leads into a domino effect, eventually interfering with all of your body’s natural processes – including pain response.