A1C Hemoglobin Test
The normal range for A1C is between 4% and 6% for people who do not have diabetes.
If you have recently been diagnosed with diabetes, one measurement that you and your doctor will keep a close eye on to manage your disease is your A1C.
The normal range for A1C is between 4% and 6% for people who do not have diabetes. However, the goal for this number for people who have diabetes is below 7% - and the lower the better. This is because the higher your A1C means not only a poorer control of diabetes, but an increased risk for developing complications associated with your diabetes, which includes heart disease, amputations, blindness, and stroke.
If you receive a value of 5.7% through 6.4%, it means that you are prediabetic. What that means is that you are at higher risk of developing diabetes. An A1C number of 5% translates to an average blood sugar level of 80 mg/dL, while an A1C of 6% translates to an average blood glucose level of 120 mg/dL.
An A1C test is a simple procedure and requires only a blood sample. You can drink and eat normally before the test. That is, there is no need to fast for the A1C hemoglobin test.
Because the A1C represents what your blood sugar has been doing over a 120 period, most physicians like to test this every four to six months; however, your physician will determine the proper time frame for you. For instance, those who have good blood sugar control may be able to wait longer between tests, while those who have poor control may require more frequent testing.
It is important to note that getting an A1C test does not replace your daily blood glucose testing.