Through your body fluid like urine and swab samples from your genitals, the presence of a sexually transmitted disease or STD called Chlamydia can be detected. Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STD in the United States and is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Because you can trick into believing that you are clean and free as there are no symptoms at times, it is better to have yourself diagnosed by a doctor.
A Chlamydia test is done to see if you are at risk for being infected. Also, if you are feeling some sensation, especially in your genital area, you should definitely have this to confirm your condition. Being pregnant and having done high-risk sexual acts pose the greatest concern for you. Having treatment kills the infection you have as well as prevent infection in your newborn.
There are actually several types of Chlamydia test to detect the presence of the bacteria. Most of these tests utilize body fluid from the area involved. These are the Nucleic acid amplification tests or NAAT, the Nucleic acid hybridization tests or DNA probe test, and the Chlamydia culture.
In NAAT Chlamydia test, testers are finding the genetic material or the DNA of the bacteria. Very accurate and unlikely to produce a false positive result, it is considered the most sensitive test available. Meanwhile, the DNA probe test is also in search of the Chlamydia DNA. It is also accurate but is not that sensitive compared to NAAT.
Then, the Chlamydia test using a culture or a special cup is simply called the Chlamydia culture. In the special cup, the bacteria of Chlamydia are allowed to grow. This is done in a laboratory and costs more. Parents of children who are suspected of being sexually abused, usually resort to this method to determine if the child is infected. Also, if the basic treatment has not worked, Chlamydia culture is also used.
Now comes the results of Chlamydia test. You can have a normal or an abnormal result. The normal result indicates that no Chlamydia antigen or DNA is found. If the culture method is used, this means that no bacteria grew in the culture. On the other hand, if you got an abnormal one, the situations are the complete opposite and this means that you indeed have Chlamydia.