Diabetes Care Throughout Childhood
A Diabetes Care Throughout Childhood will have fluctuations in the control of blood glucose levels and subsequently their needs for insulin. Many factors affect blood glucose levels. Even if children are eating healthy food and monitoring their blood sugar levels, certain factors that are out of their control can negatively impact blood glucose levels.
If a diabetes care throughout childhood becomes ill with the flu or gets an infection, the illness or infection can cause blood sugar levels to become erratic or elevated. As diabetic children grow, the children may have slightly different blood glucose control or needs for insulin. If a diabetic child’s eating habits change, the child is likely to have changes in their insulin intake requirements. If a child becomes overweight, the child will probably need more careful dietary care and close monitoring of blood glucose levels.
As a diabetic child becomes older, more of the responsibilities for diabetes care throughout childhood should be given to the child. With supervision, the older diabetic child can learn to check their blood glucose levels and either administer insulin injections or program the insulin pump. The parents’ goal should be to gradually increase the child’s independence so that by the time the child is a teenager, the teenager will be able to independently care for their diabetes.
During puberty, children’s bodies experience fluctuations in hormones. Some of these hormones can negatively impact diabetes control. Often, diabetic teenagers will have an easier time controlling their diabetes once they are past the hormone fluctuations of puberty. Throughout puberty, the teenage diabetic patients and their families may need extra help from their diabetes management team. The doctor and dietician may be able to offer extra support during this time if necessary.
During the teenage years, a parent may need to pay special attention to educating the teenager on the information the teenager needs in order to have proper diabetes management. The diabetic teenager should understand the importance of controlling blood glucose levels. The effects of junk food and alcohol may need to be stressed. If a parent needs help talking to their teenager about diabetes care, the parent may get help from a physician or from support materials available on the Internet.