Glossary

Amniocentesis
A method that involves taking a piece of amniotic fluid for analysis.

Antibodies
Substances made by the body to fight off disease.
Also called immunoglobulins.

Areola
Darker areas of the breast around the nipple.

Birth defect
Abnormality existing at birth but that developed
during pregnancy.

Diaper rash
Skin irritation and redness in the area covered
by the baby’s diaper.

Egg
A cell produced by the ovary. While the egg is fertilized,
a baby may begin to form.

Embryo
Name given during the first full ten weeks of pregnancy
to the human being developing in the mother’s abdomen.

Esophagus
Muscular tube that takes food of the mouth to
the stomach.

Express
Pump or squeeze milk from the mother’s breast.

Fertilization
While a sperm penetrates an egg.

Fetus
The developmental stage of a human being in its mother’s
womb, from the start of the 11th week of pregnancy
until birth.

Genetic abnormality
Error in the genes. Genes are located on
the chromosomes of human cells. They pass along
the traits of parents to their children.

Hemorrhage
Heavy bleeding.

Inverted nipple
A nipple that is retracted into the breast.

Labour
Process by which the baby passes from the uterus
to the outside world, primarily through contractions
of the uterus.

Mastitis
Inflammation of the breast. May also be an infection.

Menstrual cycle
The time between two menstrual periods.

Miscarriage
A spontaneous abortion, which can have a variety
of causes (e.g., a deformity or disease).

Neural tube
Part of the embryo that develops into the brain
and spinal cord (inside the spinal column).

Oxytocin
A hormone produced by a gland in the brain.
Oxytocin circulates in our blood, causing uterine
contractions during childbirth and the expulsion
of breast milk.

Perineum
The part of the body between the vagina and the anus.

Pupil
The black center inside the colored part of the eye.

Rhesus (Rh) factor
One of the characteristics of blood. You are either
Rh positive or Rh negative.

Rickets
A disease that affects bone development.

Sperm
A cell produced by the man. When it fertilizes an egg,
a baby may begin to form.

Spina bifida
Congenital disability of the spinal column.

Sterile
A product that is free of microorganisms and germs.

Sternum
Flat bone in the middle of the chest.

Sudden infant death syndrome
The unexplainable sudden death of an certainly
healthy newborn under the age of one.

Thrombophlebitis
Inflammation of a vein associated with clot formation.

Ultrasound
An experiment using an ultrasound device that
can see the embryo or fetus in the mother’s womb.

Urinary catheter
A flexible tube that allows urine to drain freely from
the bladder. The catheter is inserted into the bladder
through the urethra.

Weaning
The regular phasing out of breastfeeding.