Hemorrhoids Surgery: Indications, Techniques, and Conditions

Hemorrhoids Surgery

Definition of hemorrhoids: It means the removal of enlarged veins at the anal area. The hemorrhoids surgery can be made using laser, cryosurgery, old surgery techniques, and video.

Hemorrhoids surgery maybe simple, complicated with or without dangers depending on the surgical techniques used. Sometimes, it remains the necessary way to handle the disease.

Be assured that cost differs depending on the pre and post complications and surgery.

Description of hemorrhoids:

Hemorrhoids are enlarged and swollen veins, called varicose veins, near the anus and are usually caused by increased pressure, such as straining when constipated or during pregnancy. When they are situated outside the anus they are called external, and when they are inside- they are internal. Results and symptoms of hemorrhoids can be the pain, bleeding, clots, and itching. One of the main causes is constipation and straining.

Techniques and conditions of hemorrhoids surgery:

Laser surgery is not often used in hemorrhoids surgery. Other techniques are more popular. The fact is when a patient and people are sedated and free from pain the hemorrhoids can be removed surgically. The one way is local or spinal anesthesia, and the other is general anesthesia when the patient is asleep and free from pain. When the swollen tissue, called hemorrhoid, is removed, then gauze packing is put to stop bleeding.

If the hemorrhoid is small, it could be banded with a small rubber band, placed around the base of hemorrhoid. Then the hemorrhoid tissue dies and falls off from the absence of fresh blood. The other way in such situations is to inject hemorrhoid with sclerosing (sclera or hardening) agent. The effect is the same. In these cases the procedures are outpatient or office, they can be done with minimal or no anesthesia.

Indications of hemorrhoids surgery:

When non-surgical treatment, such as fiber-rich diet, laxatives, stool softener, suppositories, medications, warm baths, do not heal hemorrhoid, then comes the necessity of removal. Such cases appear when:

(1) Thrombosis of the hemorrhoids- when blood clots constantly form in external hemorrhoids

(2) Ligation does not help in cases of internal hemorrhoids

(3) The swollen tissue of hemorrhoid has not been cut in size of the medical treatment

(4) Uncontrollable bleeding

5) Persistent itching

6) Pain

7) Infection

Risks linked to hemorrhoids surgery:

Risks from taking anesthesia:

  • Medical reactions
  • Breathing problems

Risks for any surgery are:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection

Narrowing the anus can occur as additional risk

Expectations after hemorrhoids surgery

In most cases, the outcome is very good. Measures must be taken to avoid recurrence. Such preventatives can be adherence to a high fiber diet.

Convalescence post-surgery - recovery:

After the surgery the anus tightens and relaxes, which may lead to considerable pain. In this situation, pain-relieving medications may be used. Stool softeners are useful when avoiding straining. Also when bowel movement or urination, straining must be reduced. To take a warm bath may help. In two weeks period can be seen the full recovery from a hemorrhoids surgery.

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