How is malignant mesothelioma treated?
There are three options in terms of treatment for mesothelioma.
Surgery is used quite frequently when treating mesothelioma. The surgeon will remove the cancerous tissue as well as some surrounding tissue from your lungs and or abdomen. If the mesothelioma has spread far enough, the doctor may remove an entire lung. Occasionally part of the diaphragm is removed as well as the muscle beneath the lungs which aids with breathing. The procedure to remove a lung is called a pneumonectomy.
If enough fluid has collected in the lungs and or abdomen due to mesothelioma, the doctor may remove it with a procedure called a thoracentesis. A thoracentesis entails draining the fluid out of the body by means of putting a needle into the chest or abdomen combined with gentle suction in order to remove the fluid. The act of removing fluid from the abdomen is called a thoracentesis. In some cases, the doctor may put drugs through a tube in order to prevent future fluid accumulation.
Chemotherapy is a treatment which requires the mesothelioma sufferer to take drugs either in a pill form or via an injection into the vein or muscle. Chemotherapy is a systematic treatment which means as soon as the drug enters the blood stream, it travels throughout the body killing malignant (cancerous) cells. Chemotherapy is typically used to treat mesothelioma in its early stages.
Radiation is a treatment, where the mesothelioma sufferer is subjected to high powered x-rays to kill or shrink malignant cells and tumors. Radiation can come from two sources, internal or external. External radiation comes from a machine outside your body (external radiation therapy). Internal radiation comes from materials inserted into your body through a tube and into the area where malignant (cancer) cells are found.
This site intended strictly as an informative resource and absolutely does not replace a visit to your doctor. If you feel you have the symptoms or are a likely candidate for mesothelioma cancer, please visit your doctor immediately.