Baby Vomiting After Breastfeeding
Spit up and vomiting often happens to almost every baby. Spit is different from vomiting. Both are normal (standard) and do not indicate a dangerous thing that happens to your baby. Only a small proportion of cases of vomiting of infants (pathological vomiting) are indicative of severe disorders.
Do you spit up and throw up on a baby?
Both spit up and vomiting in infants is an expenditure of gastric contents. The difference is that a spit happens like a water illustration that flows down, can be a bit (like spit) or quite a lot. Passive and spontaneous. While vomiting is more likely in large quantities and with strength and or without gastric contractions.
Approximately 70% of infants aged under four months experience spit at least one time each
Day and the incidence decrease with age up to 8-10 percent at 9-12 months and 5 percent by 18 months. Although healthy, excessive vomit can cause various complications that will interfere with the baby's growth.
Causes of Baby Spit:
1. Breast milk was given exceeds the capacity of the stomach.
A full stomach can also make baby spit up. It happens because the previous food has not reached the intestine, is filled with food again. As a result, the baby vomits. Baby's stomach has its capacity.
2. breastfeeding position.
- Often nursing mom while lying on her side while the baby is sleeping on her back. As a result, the liquid doesn't enter the gastrointestinal tract, but to the airway. The baby was spat up.
- Use of dot form. If the baby liked a big dot and given a small dot, he will be lazy to suck for a long time. As a result, milk keeps coming out of the pacifier and fills the baby's mouth, and more air enters. Air enters the stomach, causing the baby to vomit.
3. The stomach lid does not work correctly yet.
From the mouth, milk will enter the upper gastrointestinal tract, then to the stomach. Between the two organs, there is a gastric valve cover. In infants, this valve is usually not functioning correctly.
4. Infant's digestive function with peristalsis (a wave of contractions in the wall of the stomach and intestines) for food to enter from the gastrointestinal tract to the gut, is still imperfect.
5. Too active. For example when the baby wriggles or when the baby continues to cry. It will make the pressure in the stomach high, so come out in the form of vomiting or spit up.
How to minimize vomiting baby:
1. Avoid giving the breastfeeding when the baby is lying down. Keep baby upright about 30 minutes after feeding.
2. Avoid putting a baby in a baby seat because it will increase the pressure on the stomach.
3. Avoid stimulating excessive activity after the baby is breastfed.
4. Control the amount of breastfeeding given. For example, Give breastfeeding with a small amount but often.
5. Feed the baby immediately after suckling. Even babies sometimes still need to burp between 2 times of feeding.
6. Check the dot hole that you use to give the breastfeeding. If the hole is too small, it will increase the incoming air. If it is too big, milk will flow quickly which could allow your baby to spit up.
7. Avoid giving the breastfeeding when the baby is starving because the baby will be in a hurry when drinking so it will cause air entry.
8. If breastfeeding, the baby's position is tilted. His head is taller than the leg to form a 45-degree angle. So the liquid that comes in can go down.
9. Do not lift the baby during spit up or vomiting.
Immediately lifting the baby when the spit is harmful because vomiting or spit down can go down, into the lungs and eventually even interfere with the lungs. It can be pneumonia. Instead, tilt or stroke the child. Let him vomit until thoroughly do not arrest.
10. Let it go if the baby spits out the nose from his nose.
It is better than the fluid back inhaled and into the lungs because it can cause inflammation or infection. Vomiting in infants is not just out of the mouth, but also from the nose. It happens because the mouth, nose, and throat have associated channels. At the time of vomiting, some come out of the mouth and part of the nose. Perhaps because the vomiting is a lot and not everything can come out of the mouth, then the liquid is looking for a way out through the nose.
11. Avoid choking babies.
When the baby chokes and vomits into the respiratory tract/lungs. It is called aspiration and dangerous. More danger if the baby chokes milk that has entered the stomach because it already contains acid and will damage the lungs. To prevent the possibility of choking, so that every time the baby vomiting is always tilted. It would be better if before the baby vomits (when showing signs of vomiting) immediately tipped or established while patted his back.
It is very important to know that excessive vomiting or spitting on your baby is leading to pathology. You do not have to worry if:
· Weight gain (within normal range)
· Baby looks happy
· Normal baby growth and development
Instead, you need to worry if:
· Weight loss or no weight gain
· Recurrent chest infections
· Vomiting with blood
· Baby dehydrated
· Respiratory disorders, eg, stop breathing, blue or shortness of breath
Early signs of problems with breastfeeding in infants include:
1. Baby is not calm/nervous all the time
2. Babies do not want to nurture / not lust
3. Babies always cry when or after sucking
4. Excessive and frequent vomiting / spitting up.