Dental Implants Process
Dental Implants Process - With a success rate of 95% and widespread use in Dentistry and Prosthodontics, Dental implants are commonly used to support an artificial tooth or a set of teeth replacing a real missing one. Additionally, they are used as complementary and supportive parts of bridges, dentures, and crowns while they can also be found, although less often in orthodontic treatments. Surprisingly, they first appeared in ancient Mayan civilizations while their contemporary and advanced composition are different forms of titanium, with titanium grade 5 being the most popular as it allows almost perfect integration into the original bone site. There are two types of dental implants, removable, which are more affordable and are used when several teeth are missing and fixed ones, mainly used for individual teeth and for supporting the crowns.
The operation can be performed by any dental clinician with adequate training on the matter while it requires the patient to be anesthetized either locally or generally. The placement of a dental implant needs to be planned well beforehand, with the use of radiographs or CT (computer tomography) scans, so that its exact position on the bone would be defined. Then, a pilot hole is progressively made on the spot by precision drills which are designed to prevent any damage to the bone. After the placement of the dental implant, two to six months might be necessary so that it is fully integrated, any initial irritation is gone and the wound it healed. The integration of the implant is called osseointegration, and it is very dependent on the material and the perfect shaping of the former, as well as on the tolerance of the surrounding bone.
In general, although a very common operation, dental implanting requires ultimate precision and overall planning, with the adequate reverse engineering of the implant, as any small mistake could lead to failure of the whole procedure and total damage of the bone. The success of a dental implant placement is based on the condition of the bone and of the surrounding tooth regions, as the bone needs not to be too weak or wounded and on the assessment of its later use, with the consideration of all possible forces that will be placed on the region of the implant being indispensable. In cases of the bone being too soft, a part of a different region of the jawbone is taken and placed on the site of the upcoming operation in a procedure known as bone grafting. Also, a hypothetical design of the full dimensions, form, and material of the implant should be performed, commonly using special computer software.
However, the implantation might fail if the implant moves, is lost or leads to degradation and loss of the bone around it, a condition named peri-implants, for which there is no accepted treatment. In general, smoking and poor hygiene could prevent normal and healthy osseointegration. Another, although less probable aftereffect may be nerve damage, which leads to numbness or tingling of other surrounding teeth and regions.