Signs and Symptoms of an Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic Pregnancy means in the wrong place. There is a minimal amount of women who experience an ectopic pregnancy. In a healthy pregnancy, the egg will attach itself to the uterus lining and will begin to grow. In an ectopic pregnancy, the egg starts to develop outside of the uterus, most of the time in the Fallopian Tube. There are signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy, and they are similar to symptoms of a miscarriage such as abdominal pain and bleeding both vaginal bleeding and internal bleeding as well. You may experience cramps, back or pelvic pain and even shoulder pain are all associated with this condition. Most ectopic pregnancies end up as a miscarriage and most of the time the women don't realize they were pregnant.
How does an ectopic pregnancy happen?
This occurs when a fertilized egg develops in the Fallopian Tube and then it travels through the tube down towards the uterus and then it will attach itself to the uterine wall cavity, most of the time in the fallopian tube itself. But that is not the only place where an ectopic pregnancy can happen. It could occur in the cervix, ovary or the abdomen.
Women who have experienced a Pelvic Inflammatory Disease have more of chance that an ectopic pregnancy can happen. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also cause this condition. There is a way to confirm the doctor doing an ultra sound scan or a laparoscopy. You may be at risk if you are a smoker or if you have ever had abdominal surgery such as a previous C-section. Women who are receiving IVF treatments and women who have bent fallopian tubes.
There are minimal signs of this type of pregnancy. But vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, tenderness of the of the breast and even nausea like a healthy pregnancy. Other signs may be dizziness or fainting, a missed period or low blood pressure if the vaginal bleeding is very severe. The only true way to diagnose this condition is step one: you have to take a pregnancy test first to determine pregnancy. The step two: your doctor will issue a blood test for what they call Human Chorionic Gonadotropin or more commonly known as the HCG pregnancy hormone. Then step three would be to have an ultrasound so the doctor can determine where the pregnancy is. Sometimes an ultra sound cannot detect something so small, but some machines can scan outside of the uterine wall.
The treatment of Ectopic pregnancy :
The only way to treat this condition is via surgery. You are placed under general anesthesia. Then a laparoscopy can help the doctor located the affected area, and there they can remove the embryo. Sometimes doctors may find it necessary to remove part of the fallopian tubes where the pregnancy has formed. The surgery is a life saver because sometimes if the fallopian tube ruptures and internal bleeding and death may be the result. But there also is a new medical treatment that is not surgical. There is a cancer drug called Methotextrate which is administered via IV. This will terminate the pregnancy, but the alternative is worse.