Bacterial vaginosis is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but the symptoms are comparable. Bacterial vaginosis is common in women and is caused by the proliferation of the bacteria “Gardnerella vaginalis. As a result, the acidity of the vagina becomes out of balance. A typical symptom is the foul-smelling vaginal discharge. Even women who do not have sexual contact can get it.
What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?
The symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are comparable to that of some other STIs. The most characteristic is the liquid, bad smelling vaginal discharge. Along with the separation can occur following complaints:
- irritation of the vagina;
- pain during urination;
- pain during intercourse.
Bacterial vaginosis does not always have to be accompanied by one of these symptoms. Some women have no symptoms at all.
Is vaginosis sexually transmitted?
No. Some men after penetration or suffer from irritation to the glans. In rare cases, the glans becomes inflamed.
Can you prevent bacterial vaginosis?
In a sense, though. Try the natural state (acidity) of the vagina to interfere as little as possible. Some tips:
Do not use too much soap when washing the vagina. It is sufficient to rinse the genital area in the shower with lukewarm water.
- Limit the use of vaginal douches or intimate sprays.
- Regularly swap your pad or tampon.
- Do not wear tight-fitting clothes constantly.
- An IUD can increase the risk of bacterial vaginosis.
- How is bacterial vaginosis treated?
The disease is treated with antibiotics. You can opt for pills or a cream that you put on your lips. These resources are only available on prescription at the pharmacy. If you are pregnant, notify your doctor. The treatment can namely be detrimental to the fetus. Therefore, the doctor will prescribe them only when symptoms are very disturbing.
Should you be treated with a sexual partner?
No. Bacterial vaginosis is a condition that can only occur in women. Therefore it makes no sense to treat them preventively the male partner. Since it is not a contagious disease, you do not have a previous sexual partner (s) to inform.