Our gums are an important aspect of oral hygiene that often gets forgotten or neglected. If they are not properly taken care of, gums disease affects can be the cause of many oral diseases. Gums also called gingivally, are the soft tissues are the teeth that protect the bones and other features that help keep the teeth in the correct position.
Some form of gum disease affects 75 percent or three out of four adults after age 35. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults, especially the elderly. It can affect one tooth or many teeth and begins when plaque causes the gums to become inflamed. Swollen gums are an invitation for more and more plaque to accumulate. When plaque spreads below the gum line, toxins are created that break down and can eventually destroy the tissues and bones that support the teeth. As the destruction continues, teeth can become loose and will eventually need to be pulled. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that almost 30 percent of adults over age 65 have lost all of their teeth because of cavities and gum disease. This can all be prevented by taking care of your gums and noticing early warning signs that you could be at risk.
Despite popular belief, yellow teeth and other stains are not early warning signs of gum disease. However, gums that bleed when they are brushed, are red, swollen and tender and gums that have pulled away from the teeth are all warning signs of unhealthy gums. You must contact you dentist or oral hygienist as soon as possible to prevent any further damage.
The best way to prevent your teeth from gums disease affects is to brush twice a day and floss at least once a day to remove all the plaque from your teeth. Visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings to prevent buildup. Also, cutting back on sugary foods and snacks can help prevent disease in your gums. Every time you eat foods with sugars or starches, acids can attack your teeth for more than 20 minutes!
The best way to clean your teeth and gums is to brush gently, twice a day with a soft toothbrush. If you brush too forcefully or use a hard toothbrush, it can cause harm to the teeth and gums and make them deteriorate faster than normal. Flossing once a day removes food and other objects that may be stuck between your teeth that your toothbrush can't reach. Your toothbrush should be changed approximately every three months for the most effective brush on your teeth and gums. If you brush more energetically than normal, you should switch your toothbrush more often than every three months. Toothbrushes should never be shared between friends or family members and they should be replaced after you or anyone in your household gets a cold, flu or upper respiratory infection.
If you don't take proper care of your gums, gums disease affects could lead to other serious diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, respiratory diseases and premature or underweight babies.