The Process Detail of Pregnancy

The Process Detail of Pregnancy

The process detail of pregnancy - When a woman has sexual intercourse with a man, she may become pregnant (the occurrence of pregnancy ). Pregnancy occurs when the sperm cells that enter the uterus of a woman fertilize a mature ovum.

An average male secretes 3 cc of semen, and every 1 cc of normal semen will contain about 100 million to 120 million sperm cells. After the semen is ejaculated into the base of the wife's genital tract, millions of these sperm cells will run across the uterine cavity, also scrambling to reach the mature egg that is in the fallopian tubes across the uterus.

The process of Pregnancy

The process of Pregnancy

At the time of ovulation, the layer of mucus in the cervix (cervix) becomes more fluid, so that the sperm quickly penetrates into the uterus. The sperm moves from the vagina to the end of the funnel-shaped fallopian tube within 5 minutes. The cells lining the fallopian tubes facilitate fertilization and the formation of a zygote (a fertilized egg).) If the woman is in the fertile period, or in other words, there is a mature ovum, and then there is conception. In the process of fertilization, only the sperm head that penetrates the egg and unites with the egg core. self. The fertilized egg will experience external hardening. It caused of the egg can only be fertilized by one sperm.

The core of the fertilized egg will undergo division into two parts after 30 hours. 20 hours later this egg core will be split again into four parts. Three to four days after conception, the cells will reach the uterus. Within one week after the change, a mass of ola-shaped cells of the needle, called ( blastocyst ) is formed. In the next process, which is about the next five days, the blastosis will be attached and implanted into the endometrium.

During the first two to four weeks of development, blastocysts get nutrients from the endometrium. At this stage of development, it will be a placenta. The placenta is a disc-shaped organ that contains maternal blood vessels (mother) and embryo. Through this placenta, the embryo will get nutrition from the maternal. Through this placenta also exchange of respiratory gases and disposal of embryo metabolism waste. The blood from the embryo flows into the placenta through the umbilical cord artery and returns through the central vein and passes through the embryonic heart.

Terms of Pregnancy

Terms of Pregnancy


Before we continue in the process of gradual pregnancy that we will present at the next point, we must first know the conditions that allow a pregnancy to occur. Here we describe the conditions that will support the process of pregnancy:

1. At present sperm cells

A pregnancy process will not occur if there is not a cell called sperm (spermatozoa) derived from a male. These sperm cells are produced by men of about 20 to 100 million cells per supply in empty testicle sacs. Whenever a man penetrates the female vagina, the sperm cells will be reproduced. Mature sperm cells will last about 34 days after production.

The sperm cell is shaped like a tadpole consisting of an oval head, middle neck, and a long tail. All three parts have their duties are still each sperm head serves to penetrate the egg cell wall, sperm neck serves to store the energy needed by the sperm when entering the womb, while the tail helps to push the sperm to the egg with a length of 10 times from the head. With a long tail, the sperm will move quickly and freely and compete with other sperm to fertilize the egg.

Mature sperm is stored in the epididymis or small tract behind the testes. Sperm that is ripe and not removed will last for four weeks. However, if not dicentras, the sperm will be absorbed back by the body of a man. If ejaculation occurs, then the sperm cells will come out through the channels that connect the epididymis and prostate gland that mixed with semen. The sperm production cycle will last until andropause is a period of decreased fertility and a man's sexual drive.

2. The presence of an egg (ovum)

The second condition in the process of pregnancy is the presence of eggs that come from women. The egg or ovum is produced by the ovary (ovary) located in the pelvic cavity. The position of the ovary is located hanging on the left and right on the connective tissue of the abdominal cavity. Ovary size of about 4 cm long and approximately 0.5 cm thick about the thumb. The egg is produced by the presence of menstrual cycle in women. This cycle will continue from the age of puberty of a woman until the age of 40 years.

After the end of menstruation or the so-called menopause, women will experience a fertile period with the growth of a single mature follicle in a broken ovary and will release a mature ovum. The egg that comes out of the ovaries will be captured by the tassels that are at the end of the fallopian tubes and entering the wider canal where this is the site of fertilization.

3. Normal and anatomical hormones

The structure of reproductive organs is also a requirement of pregnancy. A man and woman must necessarily have a standard anatomical structure and an excellent hormonal system. For a man, anatomical structure is said to be good if it covers three major parts of sperm production, sperm count, and sperm movement. If all three structures are abnormal, it is possible to interfere with male reproduction.

One of the causes of abnormal male anatomy can be caused by the emergence of a varicocele called a sperm production disorder with an enlarged vein in the testicle that blocks the blood flow becoming heavily blocked. Although sperm always produces in large quantities, it takes at least 20 million sperm during penetration so that the opportunity to fertilize the egg is greater than the number of sperm.

Of course, the more sperm spent during penetration, the greater the chance of sperm to fertilize the egg. While the sperm movement associated with the occurrence of obstacles on the way to the cell continues. This is related to the presence of disorders such as impotence.

While the anatomical structure in women is said to be normal if the genitals are functioning correctly such as the vagina, uterus (uterus), fallopian tubes (fallopian tubes), ovaries (ovaries) and cervix. If the appearance of interference in one of the tools of a woman's genitals, then it is possible that there will be disruption of pregnancy. In general, cases that often occur in the female reproductive organs are the blockage in the fallopian tubes and disruption of the uterus caused by the growth of cysts and tumors.

4. The process of fertilization

The process of fertilization becomes a requirement in the occurrence of pregnancy. This fertilization process is a process of meeting the egg and sperm in the uterus. When the sperm enters the walls of the egg cell, then it is possible a process of pregnancy occurs. However, if the sperm has made a long journey, but not close and redeem the egg cell wall, it is also possible the process of pregnancy is not satisfactory. Of the millions of sperm cells released during penetration, only a few hundreds of thousands can reach the fallopian tubes and also just one sperm cell that can redeem the egg.

5. Nidation or placenta

The requirement of pregnancy is the presence of nidation or nesting on the uterine wall. Usually, the nidation occurs in the front wall or back wall of the uterus. Nidation occurs about 6-7 days after fertilization. The fertilized egg will go to the uterus and will do the nidation or implantation of the ovum and fertilized sperm in the uterine wall. This process is accompanied by the formation of a placenta and placental strap to support the blood supply from the mother's body to the fetus. If after fertilization does not occur implantation, it is possible pregnancy will not happen.

Those are some of the conditions that must exist in producing a process of pregnancy. If any of the above conditions does not survive, then do not expect the process of pregnancy will occur. For that, if you want a pregnancy to happen, then do not ignore the above conditions for the pregnancy process goes according to what you expect.

The Process of Pregnancy

The Process detail of Pregnancy

Once we know what are the conditions in the process of pregnancy. Now we are moving on to a long process of pregnancy. For more details, we will present the process of gradual pregnancy to provide information to you quickly and precisely.

Stage 1 - The process of ovulation

The process of ovulation occurs in a woman about two weeks before the next menstrual cycle occurs. The process of ovulation is the process by which the ovaries or ovaries produce an egg or ovum removed from the nest. Because the ovary is a place to produce eggs where there are sacs (follicles) that contain eggs and fluids. When the egg is mature, the egg will come out of the ovary with the rupture of the follicle. This ovulation process will take place every occurrence of the menstrual cycle in a woman.

In men, this process will take place at any time where sperm cells will be produced continuously. In general, mature sperm cells will survive in the testes channel within four weeks. Men will undoubtedly remove as much as possible sperm up to 100 million cells.

Stage 2 - Increase Hormone

In women, if the follicle has released the egg, the follicle will develop by forming the corpus luteum. The corpus luteum will release hormones to help thicken the lining of the uterus that will prepare everything if a pregnancy process occurs. Hormonal increase in women is usually characterized by the release of clear fluids such as mucus about two weeks after the menstrual cycle.

Stage 3 - The egg goes into the fallopian tube

After the follicle releases the egg, it travels to the fallopian tube. This egg will stay there for 24 hours to wait for the sperm to fertilize it. The injury process usually occurs about two weeks after the first day of the last menstrual period that we call the fertile period.

Eggs only have about 12 to 24 hours to survive in the fallopian tubes, while sperm cells can survive in place of female reproduction approximately 72 hours. Therefore, the fertile period of women is concise, i.e., about four days in the day to 12 - 16 which is calculated from the first day of menstruation. So, do not waste your fertile period by having sex between the times in the hope that sperm cells can fertilize an egg.

Stage 4 - The egg is not fertilized

If the egg is not fertilized or no sperm succeeds in the fallopian tube, the egg will move toward the uterus, then disintegrate immediately. Of course, the hormone levels that have been produced by the corpus luteum will return to normal so that the lining of the uterus that was thickened, it will shed blood from the uterine wall that we call the menstrual cycle.

Stage 5 - Fertilized eggs (Fertilization)

However, if the egg inside the fallopian tube still survive and there is one of the sperm cells that successfully penetrate the egg cell wall, then it is possible the conception will occur. The process of fertilization (fertilization) is a process of meeting the egg and sperm cells Tituba falopi. If these two cells meet, this is where the pregnancy process occurs. Quickly the egg will close itself if there is an egg that has managed to fertilize it so there will be no other sperm that can fertilize it.

The fertilization process at that time will determine the genes of the baby and its sex. If the sperm cell that fertilizes the egg is chromosome Y, then the sex of the fetus is a boy, but if the sperm cell is X chromosome, then it is possible that the fetus is female.

In this process of fertilization, sperm cells are not easy to reach the eggs in the fallopian tubes but must face various obstacles and challenges. Some of the challenges that cause sperm cells difficulty in fertilizing an egg cell include the acidic environment in the vagina that causes sperm cells damaged and eventually die, cervical mucus in the vagina can also cause sperm cells difficult to move toward the uterus.

Only the quality of sperm that can swim actively that will penetrate the cervical mucus. Besides, challenges that may hinder the sperm travel are trapped and lost in the wrong fallopian tubes and will cause sperm to die while searching for an egg cell, while the fertilized egg is in the fallopian tube of the other.

The success of sperm to fertilize is not enough until here, at least one sperm must struggle with hundreds of thousands and even millions of other sperm ready to fertilize the egg. Coupled with the difficulty of penetrating the egg cell wall. The average sperm cell can walk about 2.5 cm every 15 minutes. Time is what determines the success of sperm that will fertilize the egg. Only the strongest sperm will succeed in penetrating the egg cell wall and will release the tail by itself.

Stage 6 - Attachment to the uterine wall (Implantation)

After the egg is successfully fertilized is not the end of the struggle. Once the sperm cells penetrate the egg cell, it will form a self-defense and genetic material between sperm cells with eggs so it will do the merging.

The fertilized egg (zygote) will be in the fallopian tube for about 3-4 days. Within 24 hours after the egg is fertilized, the zygote will split off which will produce the embryo. This embryo is the result of a split zygote that will form many cells very quickly and will continue to grow. These large numbers of embryo cells will move toward the uterus through the fallopian tubes.

After the embryo reaches the uterus, the fetus will be attached and embedded in the wall of the womb that is thick. The process of embedding and planting is what is called the implantation process.

When this process, in general women, experience spots or spotting the blood spots on the vagina that resembles the beginning of the menstrual cycle. This process will last for 1-2 days after/around the time of implantation. In the process of implantation, the lining of the uterine wall will become thicker, and then the mucus plug will seal the cervix until it is time for labor. This process is followed by the formation of the placenta and placental strap that will supply blood to the fetus from within the mother's body.

Stage 7 - Early signs of pregnancy

Well, after the above implantation process occurs, then it is possible that the process of pregnancy has also happened. After the embryo attaches to the uterine wall, then that's where early fetal development takes place. With these developments, the early symptoms of pregnancy that are often experienced by a woman. If you have experienced any of the following symptoms, then you may be pregnant. However, early signs of pregnancy are probably different in every woman. Here are the initial symptoms commonly felt by women during pregnancy.

Early signs of pregnancy

Late menstruation

The process of pregnancy is marked by the delayed menstrual cycle in women. Late menstruation may indicate that you are pregnant, but if you are someone who always has a late menstruation day, maybe this sign is not the answer that you are pregnant.

The appearance of spots or blood spots

As you approach your menstrual cycle, you may not be surprised at the appearance of this spots. Because there are some women, who experience spots before they menstruate. However, if the spots are not followed by the release of menstrual blood, then you may get pregnant.

Enlarged breasts

Indeed, the early sign of pregnancy is the same as a woman's sign of menstruation. Similarly, the structure of the breast that begins to enlarge and breasts feel heavy and will grow more significant from week to week. Even if you touch it, it will be painful. This change may indicate that you are pregnant.

Nausea vomiting and no appetite

If you suddenly feel nauseated and loss of appetite even vomiting is possible this early sign of pregnancy. However, not every woman experiences this.


If you suddenly want to eat or drink something that is even difficult to get it, but after the food and drinks are there, you do not want to eat at all. This indication can also occur if you are pregnant.

There are several other symptoms and signs to indicate that a woman is pregnant. However, we only mention the early signs of pregnancy commonly perceived by every woman. You should go to a doctor or midwife after Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (HCG) is detectable through urine.

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