Peritoneal mesothelioma cancer is cancer in the Peritoneum; the thin membrane locates surround the abdomen. It is rare cancer with the poor prognosis. It happens because of asbestos. Peritoneal Mesothelioma is the second-most common type of mesothelioma, known as diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma. Each year, it is about 15 to 20% of all new mesothelioma diagnoses. It is different from other types of disease.
It occurs in the peritoneum; the dual-layer membrane surrounds the stomach as well as abdominal organs. It protects organ including gall bladder, liver, and abdomen. The parietal layer also covers out of the abdomen.
From the location, peritoneal mesothelioma cancer develops in the abdomen as well as gastrointestinal system, not in the chest and lungs. Caused by Asbestos inhalation as well as ingestion, you must know some common symptoms including anorexia (weight loss), ascites (swelling), and abdominal or stomach pain.
However, the symptoms of this cancer take decades to appear even if after the asbestos exposure. When the initial symptom appears, typically cancer develops in the abdomen or gastrointestinal system with some symptoms like fever and weight loss.
This illness also leads to other conditions such as paraneoplastic syndromes, which brings more symptoms such as thrombocytosis (high platelet numbers in blood supply), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and venous thrombosis (Blood clots in a vein).
There are some treatments available for peritoneal mesothelioma cancer. You can treat all types of mesothelioma by using three types of therapy:
- Surgery, it is another name of debulking or cytoreduction. The primary goal is to remove the tumors as much as possible.
- Chemotherapy, it is the systemic drug treatment to kill fast growing cells especially mesothelioma cancer cells.
- Radiation, with the targeted radiation, the goal is to reduce the size of the cancer tumors.
- Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC), A new way to combat abdominal cancers such as peritoneal mesothelioma, ovarian cancer, colon cancer, and others by using a heated chemotherapy “wash” to rinse out the abdominal cavity, to kill any cancer left after cytoreductive surgery. This technique is more efficient than the conventional multimodal treatment of surgery with systemic chemotherapy. It is because the drugs in HIPEC treatments are more effective than those in systemic therapies.
The Treatment Cost
Since the treatment is about removing peritoneal mesothelioma cancer, the treatment cost can be very high. The cost falls into three categories, which are diagnostic costs, treatment costs, and recovery/follow-up costs.
The cost also depends on the individual such as the diagnosis, the stage of cancer, the insurance coverage, and the area they live. Since the primary cause is asbestos, it is possible for the patients to receive legal compensation for the medical expenses, pain, lost wages and suffering because of the disease.
The best thing you can do is to learn more about the financial aid that is available for you or your dearest one with peritoneal mesothelioma. There are some financial assistance options available to help you find funds and grants to cover the travel, housing, treatment as well. Peritoneal mesothelioma cancer can be expensive, but it is possible for you to explore your legal right to find the compensation from asbestos companies.