Understanding Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, also called HHNS, is a serious complication of type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome is sometimes called and nonketotic hyperosmolar state or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. This diabetes complication commonly affects the elderly. Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome can lead to coma or even death.

This complication of diabetes may develop gradually over days, weeks, or months. Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome leads to severe dehydration which can lead to seizures and eventually a coma. The first symptoms often experienced are high blood glucose levels that exceed 600 mg/dl. This symptom may not be noticed among people who have not been diagnosed with diabetes since they are not monitoring their blood glucose levels. The body tries to rid itself of the extra glucose through the urine. Therefore, the body produces excessive amounts of urine to reduce this glucose level, but the additional water required for the production of urine leaves the body severely dehydrated.

Someone with Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome may experience excessive thirst and dry mouth. Other Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome symptoms are fever over 101 degrees, loss of vision, confusion, and sleeplessness. The person may experience weakness on one side of the body and hallucinations.

The best way to prevent the development of Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome is to maintain healthy blood glucose levels. If a diabetic patient eats too much or forgets to take a dose of insulin, it could lead to hyperglycemia. Routinely neglecting proper diet and insulin dosages increase the individual’s risk of Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome Diabetic patients who are following a healthy diet and still have trouble controlling their blood glucose levels should consult their physicians for a change in their diabetic treatment that will help them effectively manage their diabetes.

Kidney disease, heart disease, illness, and lack of exercise can make a diabetic patient susceptible to Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome. If a diabetic patient has any of the symptoms of Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome, the patient should seek emergency medical services immediately. If left untreated, this diabetes complication can be fatal. High blood glucose levels can lead to other serious diabetes complications as well.

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