LASIK or Lasik Laser is an acronym for Laser Assisted Insitu Keratomileusis, currently, the most sophisticated procedure for correction of refractive errors is an advanced form of PRK (PhotoRefractive Keratectomy) that uses alcohol in solution to first soften then remove the epithelium. After the excimer laser reshapes the stroma to correct the vision, the epithelium is replaced.
This surgery has surfaced as a popular alternative for correcting short- or long-sightedness or astigmatism for those who want to avoid wearing corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses, however, can’t improve age-related long-sightedness.
If one is aged 21 or over with healthy eyes and stable vision, Lasik Laser may emerge as a suitable treatment for him, however, it has its own limitations too making it unsuitable in certain instances.
So it is compulsory to consult an optometrist or ophthalmologist for a proper assessment with a surgeon to find out whether Lasik Laser surgery is suitable for one or not. This assessment is done with many tests like a test that produces a computerized image of the surface of your eye to ‘map’ the cornea, a full eyesight test, diagnostic tests, such as measurements of the thickness of your cornea and the size of your pupils in various light conditions etc.
The operation is usually done as a day case under local anesthesia and usually involves a total stay of around an hour. Before the operation one is asked to sign a consent form to confirm that one fully understands the risks, benefits and possible alternatives to the procedure and have given your permission for it to go ahead.
After the operation, the eye is likely to be covered with a protective pad which needs to be worn for around 24 hours. One may feel mild pain and uncomfortable for a few hours, in which case, few painkillers may be prescribed by the surgeon.
After the operation of Lasik Laser, the vision may turn blurred however improves gradually over one to two days and usually stabilizes after one week to one month.