Orthodontic problems are hereditary so they vary from child to adult and one family to another family. Some problems are seen more often and many problems vary from patient to patient since it is genetic.
The most common orthodontic problem for children is uneven teeth due to the difference in the size of the upper jaw and the lower jaw, the lower jaw being shorter than the upper jaw. The upper jaw is protruding for most children due to thumb sucking, thumb sucking, airway obstructions. All these probably cause breathing through the mouth, abnormally. And this, of course, leads to the eruption in the permanent teeth.
The most common orthodontic problems for an adult is crowding or crooked teeth, space in between teeth, and malalignment of teeth. The treatment for adults varies from children although the problem is the same because for the children the jaws grow as they grow and so certain problems which can be tackled easily in children need surgery for adults. Adults are more likely to have gum or bone loss due to periodontal disease and worn, damaged or missing teeth.
The most common orthodontic conditions in both adults and children and the complications include. Overjet or protruded teeth, crowded teeth, underbite or lower front teeth protrude beyond the upper teeth, deep bite or upper front teeth cover the lower teeth., open bite or upper and lower teeth don’t meet in front, or crossbite or upper jaw is too narrow so lower jaw swings to one side to allow the teeth to mesh and spacing or missing teeth or wide dental arch and small teeth.
• Overjet or protruded teeth is unattractive and prone to damage.
• An underbite is unattractive and uneven wear of the front teeth.
• Crowded teeth are difficult to clean, bone damage and gum recession occur.
• Deep bite is excessive wear of the front teeth and gum and bone damage behind the upper front teeth.
• The open bite has eating problems, speech problems, and excessive wear of those teeth which do meet.
• Crossbite has biting and chewing difficulties.
• The spacing allows teeth to shift out of position.
It is not necessary that a dentist should refer to an Orthodontist; we can straight away see an Orthodontist who will then inform the dentist about the Orthodontic Problems. But it is better to have a recent cleaning and check up with the dentist before scheduling an orthodontic evaluation. The ultimate aim of this orthodontic treatment is to provide strong, healthy and complete functioning teeth for a stable bite of the foods. The orthodontist corrects the alignment of the teeth in such a way that biting, chewing and eating are all done in a proper way so that the teeth won’t get damaged further.